How to use this factsheet:
This factsheet is for tied pub tenants who want to know more about provisions in the Pubs Code about what a pub-owning business is required to do for new tied pub tenants when they are considering entering into a new tied pub agreement.
It provides information to support tenant understanding. It is not a substitute for the Pubs Code legal framework.
You can find technical guides on our website which provide more detailed information about the Pubs Code provisions. We recommend that you refer to these guides if you would like more information and/or are considering accessing your rights under the Pubs Code.
Our website also contains other useful information about accessing your Pubs Code rights.
Terms and abbreviations
|Term/abbreviation||What it means|
|Code||The Pubs Code etc. Regulations 2016|
|CCO||Code Compliance Officer. Someone employed by the POB who is suitably qualified and whose role is to verify its compliance with the Code|
|New agreement||A new tenancy of, or licence to occupy, premises which are, or are expected to be, a tied pub but does not include a short agreement or the renewal of a tenancy or licence|
|PCA||Pubs Code Adjudicator|
|POB||Pub-owning business (often referred to as pub companies)|
|Pubs Entry Training||Training which is designed to raise awareness of the matters involved in operating a pub and entering into product ties and other agreements|
|Rent Proposal||A proposal made in accordance with Part 3 of the Code|
|Sensitivity Analysis||An analysis of the potential business performance of the tied pub in the case of an increase or decrease in business income, and the effect on the pub’s costs and profitability|
|Short agreement||A tenancy at will, or any other contractual agreement entitling a tenant to occupy a tied pub for no more than 12 months|
|TPT||Tied Pub Tenant (including a prospective tenant)|
1. Code rights before entering into a new agreement
Under the Code, a regulated pub-owning business (POB) must provide certain information to you if you are considering entering into a new tied agreement (as a prospective tenant).
It must also advise you to seek your own professional advice and complete pubs entry training. This is to enable you to make an informed decision about the business and whether it is right for you.
This factsheet does not cover renewals of existing tied pub agreements.
2. At a Glance
Steps while you are negotiating (before entering into a tied pub agreement):
|Provides information to you, including on the tenancy, the rent, the premises and the Code||Consider professional advice on the information received|
|Provides you with a rent proposal and advises you to obtain independent professional advice about that rent||Consider professional advice on the information received|
|Identifies reports that analyse tied pub trading and tenancy costs and provides relevant data to allow you to compare the premises’ performance for the purposes of preparing your business plan||Prepare your sustainable business plan|
|Advises you to inspect the premises and obtain the advice of a qualified surveyor with tied pub experience||Inspect the premises and take advice from a qualified surveyor|
|Advises you to complete Pubs Entry Training||Complete your Pubs Entry Training (as needed)|
See below for further information on the POB’s duties to you set out in this table
3. Information the POB must provide to you
A POB must make sure you have received certain information before you consider any independent professional advice for your sustainable business plan. The information is intended to assist you in being informed about the new agreement before you enter into it.
A POB must provide information about the following:
- The Pubs Code and any code of practice the POB may have for dealings with tied pubs
- Information about the type of tenancy or licence
- A full and clear description of the premises, and information about fixtures and fittings
- Information about the respective maintenance and repair obligations of you and the POB
- Obligations in relation to the purchase of tied products and services
- Whether the tenancy may be assigned or sold, and relevant procedures for you and the POB
- The advice, support and assistance available to you during the tenancy or licence, circumstances when the POB may be willing to amend its standard terms, and the events which entitle you to seek the Market Rent Only option
- Responsibilities of the POB / you regarding insurance
- Arrangements for payment of rent and deposits
- Information about your obligations under Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) Regulations 2006
- Where the new agreement is a pub franchise agreement, information about the franchise business, such as any fees you have to pay and the percentage of turnover you will be entitled to receive
- Procedures for where you breach the tenancy or licence, or where the POB breaches the Code.
The full detail of information the POB must provide is in Schedule 1 to the Code.
4. Rent and the Rent Proposal
The POB must provide you with a rent proposal if it wants to negotiate a new agreement.
The POB must provide the rent proposal before you consider the independent professional advice for the purposes of preparing your sustainable business plan.
Further information about what must be provided as part of a rent proposal can be found in the PCA’s rent proposal factsheet.
Before you agree to pay an amount of rent, the POB must advise you to obtain independent professional advice about that rent.
5. Sustainable Business Plan
Before entering into a new agreement with you, the POB must make sure you have prepared a sustainable business plan.
Before you prepare the sustainable business plan, the POB must:
Identify publicly available reports that analyse the trading and tenancy costs of tied pubs in the UK
Provide relevant data against which you can compare the performance of the tied pub
Either provide you with copies of these reports, or inform you of where and how they can be found
Advise you to consult the reports identified.
Your sustainable business plan must:
Have been prepared after you have considered independent professional advice (such as business, legal, property and rental valuation advice)
Contain financial forecasts for the tenancy, including:
- Estimates of income and expenditure
- A sensitivity analysis
- The impact of any indexation of rent or other costs in the new agreement
- A forecast of reasonable and realistic income and net profit.
6. Condition of Premises
Before entering into the new agreement, the POB must advise you to:
Conduct a thorough inspection of the pub premises, including any part of the premises which you intend to use as your home
Obtain the advice of a qualified surveyor with professional experience relating to tied pubs.
The POB should specify in the tenancy the condition of the premises. This is known as the “Schedule of Condition”. The POB then takes this into account, or it is updated in various circumstances before and during the tenancy.
7. Pubs Entry Training
Before you enter into the new agreement, the POB must advise you to complete pubs entry training.
The POB does not need to advise you to complete pubs entry training if any of the following apply:
- You operate at least one other tied pub
- You can show you have at least three years’ relevant business management experience
- The POB has previously granted you a tied tenancy.
If you have any queries or concerns about the steps your POB is required to take or has taken when you are entering into a new agreement, you may wish to contact your POB’s Code Compliance Officer (CCO).
To find out more about the role of the CCO and for their contact details, please see our helpful factsheet.
If you have a dispute with your POB about whether it has complied with its duties under the Code, you may be able to refer the dispute to the PCA for arbitration. To make an arbitration referral to the PCA, please complete our Referral Form.
For more information about:
8. Questions about this factsheet
For general queries about the information in this factsheet, you may contact our enquiry service.
Please note, we can provide information about your rights, the Code and our processes. We cannot advise you about your case.
This factsheet provides information to support tenant understanding. It is not a substitute for the Pubs Code framework.
You may find it helpful to take independent professional advice before making any decisions that may affect you and your business.